CTN-0042-S: Efficacy of Motivational Enhancement Therapy for African Americans

Kathy Burlew, PhD
Lead Investigator
University of Cincinnati

This secondary analysis addresses three questions specifically within the African American sample of CTN-0004 participants (CTN-0004 examined the use of Motivational Enhancement Treatment (MET) in subjects seeking treatment for substance abuse): (1) Does the MET group differ from the comparison group (counseling-as-usual – CAU) on retention and substance abuse?  (2) Do any patient (age, gender, drug type) or clinical setting (availability of ancillary services) characteristics increase the efficacy of motivational interventions over other interventions?  (3) Are the effects of MET more evident immediately for certain subgroups of African Americans but later for other subgroups of African Americans?

Primary Findings

The findings revealed higher retention rates among women in MET than in CAU during the initial 12 weeks of the 16-week study. Men in MET and CAU did not differ in retention. However, MET participants self-reported more drug-using days per week than participants in CAU. Implications for future substance abuse treatment research with African Americans is discussed.

Results Article: Montgomery L, Burlew AK, Kosinski AS, Forcehimes AA. Motivational Enhancement Therapy for African American Substance Users: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 2011;17(4):357-365. [get article]

    Node Involvement

    Lead Node(s):

  • Ohio Valley Node

  • All Participating Nodes:

  • Ohio Valley Node